Instructions for authors

For the first submission, we do not want you to waste your time changing your manuscript to our required format. Why wasting your time when it might get rejected anyway? Feel free to submit it in any form you have it ready now. Just add line numbers, so reviewers have it easier when commenting on your work.

After it's reviewed and accepted, we will require you to provide high quality graphics. We will take care of the text formatting. But, keep your citations in the text identified by numbers in square brackets.

Some examples:
1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].
2. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

Some examples:

Journal article
Belardinelli, E. Cavalcanti, S., 1991. A new non-linear two-dimensional model of blood motion in tapered and elastic vessels. Computers in Biology and Medicine 21, 1-3.

Book, or part of a book
Weiner, S., Traub, W., 1991. Organization of crystals in bone. In: Suga, S., Nakahara, H. (Eds.), Mechanisms and Phylogeny of Mineralisations in Biological Systems. Springer, Tokyo, pp. 247-253.

van Werff, K., 1977. Kinematic and dynamic analysis of mechanisms. A finite element approach. PhD. thesis, Delft University Press, Delft.

van Soest, A. J., van den Bogert, A. J., 1991. Criteria for the comparison of direct dynamics software systems to be used in the field of biomechanics. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics. University of Western Australia, Perth.

Conflict of Interest:
When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, each author must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. For example, each author must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. For each source of funds, both the research funder and the grant number should be given.

For example:
Author X declares that s/he has no conflict of interest.
Author Y has received research grant(s) number xxx, yyy from Organization A, Organization B…
Author Z has received a speaker honorarium from Organization A and owns stock in Organization B.
If multiple authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence, e.g.:
Author X, Author Y … and Author Z declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human Studies/Informed Consent:
If the authors did not carry out human studies as part of their article they must include the following statement in the manuscript immediately before the References section:
No human studies were carried out by the authors for this article.

For studies involving human subjects, the following sample statement must be included immediately before the References section:
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

Any experimental protocol must be approved, and owing to US regulations (the recent Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - HIPAA) even studies without any experimental protocol merely reporting patients or patient material require approval; these regulations require review for any studies involving patient identity, including retrospective chart, radiographic reviews, or removed tissues or materials.

If any identifying information about patients is included in the article, the following sentence must also be included:
Additional informed consent was obtained from all patients for which identifying information is included in this article.

Animal Studies:
If the authors did not carry out animal studies as part of their article they must include the following statement in the manuscript immediately before the References section:
No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.

For studies involving animals a statement indicating that the work was conducted with the approval and in accordance with the guidelines of the institution(s) where it was performed. A statement to this effect must be included in the manuscript immediately before the References section. The following is recommended sample text:
All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed and approved by the appropriate institutional committees.

The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.

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